Extracellular matrixes and neuroinflammation

BMB Rep. 2020 Nov;53(10):491-499. doi: 10.5483/BMBRep.2020.53.10.156.


The extracellular matrix is a critical component of every human tissue. ECM not only functions as a structural component but also regulates a variety of cellular processes such as cell migration, differentiation, proliferation, and cell death. In addition, current studies suggest that ECM is critical for the pathophysiology of various human diseases. ECM is composed of diverse components including several proteins and polysaccharide chains such as chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate, and hyaluronic acid. Each component of ECM exerts its own functions in cellular and pathophysiological processes. One of the interesting recent findings is that ECM is involved in inflammatory responses in various human tissues. In this review, we summarized the known functions of ECM in neuroinflammation after acute injury and chronic inflammatory diseases of the central nerve systems. [BMB Reports 2020; 53(10): 491-499].

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / immunology
  • Central Nervous System / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / immunology*
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / physiology
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Inflammation / physiopathology
  • Neuroimmunomodulation / immunology
  • Neuroimmunomodulation / physiology*
  • Proteoglycans


  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Proteoglycans