Augmented reality (AR) delivers virtual information or some of its elements to the real world. This technology, which has been used primarily for entertainment and military applications, has vigorously entered medicine, especially in radiology and surgery, yet has never been used in organ transplantation. AR could be useful in training transplant surgeons, promoting organ donations, graft retrieval and allocation, and microscopic diagnosis of rejection, treatment of complications, and post-transplantation neoplasms. The availability of AR display tools such as Smartphone screens and head-mounted goggles, accessibility of software for automated image segmentation and 3-dimensional reconstruction, and algorithms allowing registration, make augmented reality an attractive tool for surgery including transplantation. The shortage of hospital IT specialists and insufficient investments from medical equipment manufacturers into the development of AR technology remain the most significant obstacles in its broader application.