Minimally Invasive Advances: Lesser Toes Deformities

Foot Ankle Clin. 2020 Sep;25(3):461-478. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2020.05.008. Epub 2020 Jul 11.


Minimally invasive procedures to treat lesser toes deformities are among the main surgeries of percutaneous techniques and considered mature techniques due to technical versatility and high correction potential, with low rates of complications. Although they seem technically simple procedures, there are important technical details for each of them to obtain a reliable correction. To achieve success in lesser toes percutaneous treatment, it is imperative to follow minimally invasive basic principles, especially postoperative care with specific bandages for unfixed osteotomies. Practical training is mandatory before starting the experience; the foot surgeon must learn theoretic and practical aspects to master this surgery.

Keywords: Claw toe; Forefoot surgery; Hammer toe; Lesser toes deformities; Minimally invasive surgery (MIS); Percutaneous osteotomies; Tenotomy; Toe deformity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Foot Deformities / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Tenotomy / methods
  • Toes / surgery*