Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID), encompass a heterogeneous group of diseases, with increased susceptibility to recurrent, severe infections. Invasive fungal infections raise a serious concern related to their morbidity and mortality. Herein, we describe various fungal infections among different PID patients. Twenty-eight PID patients diagnosed with fungal infections were included; fourteen patients with chronic granulomatous disease, two with Hyper Immunoglobulin E syndrome, one with LRBA deficiency and one with MHC class II defect, one with unclassified immune dysregulation, one with CD4 lymphopenia and one patient with Immune dysregulation Polyendocrinopathy Enteropathy X-linked syndrome. Aspergillus species were the most common isolated causative organisms in 78% of patients, Candida species were the causative organisms in 32%, Pneumocystis jirovecii caused infections in 7% followed by Malassezia furfur, Fusarium spp., Mucormycosis, and Penicillium chrysogenium 3.5% for each. The mortality rate among our patients was 10/28 (35.7%). PID patients are at high risk of developing fungal infections.
Keywords: Aspergillus infections; Candida infections; Fungal infections; Immunodeficiency diseases.
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