Background: In case of isolated medial and patellofemoral joint arthritis, bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BCA) is an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of our prospective, randomized study is to compare the clinical outcome of BCA vs TKA.
Methods: Eighty patients with isolated medial and patellofemoral osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to either BCA or TKA. Patients were evaluated preoperatively, 3, 6, and 12 months, and 2 and 5 years after the procedure. Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score, and the University of California,Los Angeles activity scores were calculated at each follow-up; Forgotten Joint Score was assessed at final follow-up.
Results: There was an improvement in Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score, and the University of California,Los Angeles scores in both groups but no significant differences between both groups at any follow-up. The Forgotten Joint Score at 5-year follow-up was not significantly different either. Range of motion was significantly greater in the BCA group from 1-year follow-up onward.
Conclusion: Our study did not show significant differences in clinical scores between BCA and TKA; only range of motion was significantly greater in BCA. Therefore, it is questionable whether this difference justifies the complexity of BCA associated with higher risk of failure. Maybe staged patellofemoral joint arthroplasty in the presence of a well-functioning UKA is an option for BCA and an alternative to revision to TKA. Long-term studies are needed to explore the potential benefits of BCA.
Keywords: bicompartmental knee arthroplasty; function; outcome; total knee arthroplasty.
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