Purpose of review: To illustrate successful reversal of hypertriglyceridemia using a very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet in conjunction with intermittent fasting in two patients.
Recent findings: Hypertriglyceridemia remains an important component of residual risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Current guidelines from the AHA/ACC recommend the initiation of a very-low-fat diet to treat persistently elevated triglycerides, whereas the National Lipid Association argues that a very-low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet is contraindicated in severe hypertriglyceridemia. In contrast, we report resolution of two cases of severe hypertriglyceridemia with implementation of very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets and intermittent fasting.
Summary: Here, we describe two patients who have demonstrated substantial reductions in serum triglycerides, effectively reversing severe hypertriglyceridemia using unconventional dietary methods. Although anecdotal, these cases point to a critical lack of flexibility in current dietary guidelines that hinder their application in clinical practice.