Current and future applications of ultrasound imaging in peripheral nerve disorders

World J Radiol. 2020 Jun 28;12(6):101-129. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v12.i6.101.


Neuromuscular ultrasound (NMUS) is a rapidly evolving technique used in neuromuscular medicine to provide complimentary information to standard electrodiagnostic studies. NMUS provides a dynamic, real time assessment of anatomy which can alter both diagnostic and management pathways in peripheral nerve disorders. This review describes the current and future techniques used in NMUS and details the applications and developments in the diagnosis and monitoring of compressive, hereditary, immune-mediated and axonal peripheral nerve disorders, and motor neuron diseases. Technological advances have allowed the increased utilisation of ultrasound for management of peripheral nerve disorders; however, several practical considerations need to be taken into account to facilitate the widespread uptake of this technique.

Keywords: Entrapment neuropathy; Hereditary neuropathy; Immune-mediated neuropathy; Neuromuscular ultrasound; Peripheral neuropathy; Polyneuropathy.

Publication types

  • Review