Urinary incontinence in women: state of the art and medical treatment

Minerva Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Apr;73(2):135-139. doi: 10.23736/S2724-606X.20.04635-3. Epub 2020 Aug 3.


Introduction: Urinary incontinence, the involuntary loss of urine, is a common condition that affects approximately 50% of adult women. This condition increases with age, affecting 10% to 20% of all women and up to 77% of elderly women residing in nursing homes.

Evidence acquisition: Systematic data search performed using PubMed/MEDLINE database up to July 20, 2020. Focus was only for English language publications of original studies on urinary incontinence.

Evidence synthesis: Given the basis of published evidence and the consensus of European experts, this study provides an updated overview on clinical applications and surgical procedures of urinary incontinence.

Conclusions: Urinary incontinence is an underestimated health problem. Patients need an overview of their health condition through a detailed anamnestic collection and physical examination to identify the type of incontinence and offer the best treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nursing Homes
  • Physical Examination
  • Urinary Incontinence* / epidemiology