A set of new Schiff bases of N-aryl 3- and 4-substituted maleimides has been prepared via condensation of N-aryl 3- and 4- substituted maleimides with p-toluene sulfonyl hydrazide in acidic medium at room temperature. The structures of synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS spectral data, and further confirmed by single-crystal x-ray crystallography for 5c. The computational study was carried out using Gaussian 09 software by using the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) basis set. Single-crystal study results showed much closeness with computational study results. These novel compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity against two pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC25923) and two pathogenic fungi such as Aspergillus niger (MCIM10231) and Candida albicans (MTCC6275). The investigation of antimicrobial screening data showed that the most of tested compounds are moderate to good microbial inhibitors.
Keywords: Antibacterial; Antifungal activity; N-aryl 3- and 4-substituted maleimide; P-toluene sulfonyl hydrazide; Schiff base.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.