Design Strategy Towards Horizontally Oriented Luminescent Tetradentate-Ligand-Containing Gold(III) Systems

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2020 Nov 16;59(47):21023-21031. doi: 10.1002/anie.202006911. Epub 2020 Sep 15.


Phosphorescent dopants are promising candidates for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Although it has been established that the out-coupling efficiency and overall performances of vacuum-deposited OLEDs can be significantly improved by a horizontal orientation of the dopants, no horizontally oriented gold(III) complexes have been reported to date. Herein, a novel class of tetradentate C^C^N^N ligand-containing gold(III) complexes with a preferential horizontal orientation successfully generated through a one-pot reaction is reported. These complexes demonstrate high photoluminescence quantum yields of 70 % and a high horizontal dipole ratio of 0.87 in solid-state thin films. Green-emitting OLEDs based on these complexes operate with a maximum external quantum efficiency of 20.6 % with an estimated out-coupling efficiency of around 30 %. A promising device stability has been achieved in the vacuum-deposited OLEDs, with operational half-lifetimes of around 37 500 h at 100 cd m-2 .

Keywords: gold; luminescence; nitrogen heterocycles; operational stability; organic light-emitting devices.