Inhibition of Aurora Kinase B attenuates fibroblast activation and pulmonary fibrosis

EMBO Mol Med. 2020 Sep 7;12(9):e12131. doi: 10.15252/emmm.202012131. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Abstract

Fibroblast activation including proliferation, survival, and ECM production is central to initiation and maintenance of fibrotic lesions in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, druggable molecules that target fibroblast activation remain limited. In this study, we show that multiple pro-fibrotic growth factors, including TGFα, CTGF, and IGF1, increase aurora kinase B (AURKB) expression and activity in fibroblasts. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) is a key transcription factor that mediates TGFα-driven AURKB upregulation in fibroblasts. Importantly, we found that inhibition of AURKB expression or activity is sufficient to attenuate fibroblast activation. We show that fibrosis induced by TGFα is highly dependent on AURKB expression and treating TGFα mice with barasertib, an AURKB inhibitor, reverses fibroblast activation, and pulmonary fibrosis. Barasertib similarly attenuated fibrosis in the bleomycin model of pulmonary fibrosis. Together, our preclinical studies provide important proof-of-concept that demonstrate barasertib as a possible intervention therapy for IPF.

Keywords: Aurora Kinase B; Barasertib; Wilms’ tumor 1; fibroproliferation; pulmonary fibrosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE53845
  • GEO/GSE153898