Local treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma of the female genital tract: Expert consensus from the Children's Oncology Group, the European Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Group, and the Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe

Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2023 May;70(5):e28601. doi: 10.1002/pbc.28601. Epub 2020 Aug 6.


The International Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Consortium (INSTRuCT) was founded as an international collaboration between different pediatric soft-tissue sarcoma cooperative groups (Children's Oncology Group, European Pediatric Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Group, and Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe). Besides other tasks, a major goal of INSTRuCT is to develop consensus expert opinions for best clinical treatment. This consensus paper for patients with rhabdomyosarcoma of the female genital tract (FGU-RMS) provides treatment recommendations for local treatment, long-term follow-up, and fertility preservation. Therefore, a review of the current literature was combined with recommendations of the treatment protocols of the appropriate clinical trials. Additionally, opinions of international FGU-RMS experts were incorporated into recommendations. Results were that the prognosis of FGU-RMS is favorable with an excellent response to chemotherapy. Initial complete surgical resection is not indicated, but diagnosis should be established properly. In patients with tumors localized at the vagina or cervix demonstrating incomplete response after induction chemotherapy, local radiotherapy (brachytherapy) should be carried out. In patients with persistent tumors at the corpus uteri, hysterectomy should be performed. Fertility preservation should be considered in all patients. In conclusion, for the first time, an international consensus for the treatment of FGU-RMS patients could be achieved, which will help to harmonize the treatment of these patients in different study groups.

Keywords: local control; rhabdomyosarcoma; uterus; vagina.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Female
  • Genitalia, Female / pathology
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma* / pathology
  • Sarcoma* / therapy