Objective: The aim of this research is the study of metabolic pathways related to oral cancer and periodontitis along with development of machine-learning model for elucidation of these diseases based on saliva metabolites of patients.
Methods: Data mining, metabolomic pathways analysis, study of metabolite-gene networks related to these diseases. Machine-learning and deep-learning methods for development of the model for recognition of oral cancer versus periodontitis, using patients' saliva.
Results: The most accurate classifications between oral cancer and periodontitis were performed using neural networks, logistic regression and stochastic gradient descent confirmed by the separate 10-fold cross-validations. The best results were achieved by the deep-learning neural network with the TensorFlow program. Accuracy of the resulting model was 79.54%. The other methods, which did not rely on deep learning, were able to achieve comparable, although slightly worse results with respect to accuracy.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a possibility to distinguish oral cancer from periodontal disease by analysis the saliva metabolites of a patient, using machine-learning methods. These findings may be useful in the development of a non-invasive method to aid care providers in determining between oral cancer and periodontitis quickly and effectively.
Keywords: biomarkers; machine learning; metabolic networks; metabolomics; oral cancer; periodontitis.
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