Purpose: Mirogabalin was recently approved in Japan for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain, based on data from clinical trials in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP) and post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), common clinical conditions which cause intense distress for patients. We characterized the safety and tolerability of mirogabalin in Japanese patients with renal impairment.
Patients and methods: This multicenter, open-label study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02607280) enrolled renally impaired individuals aged ≥20 years diagnosed with DPNP or PHN, and with an average daily pain score (ADPS) of ≥4 over the 7 days prior to treatment initiation. Mirogabalin dosage was titrated for 2 weeks, followed by a fixed dose for 12 weeks according to degree of renal impairment: 7.5 mg twice daily for moderate impairment and 7.5 mg once daily for severe impairment. The primary endpoint was safety and tolerability of mirogabalin, evaluated via treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Secondary efficacy endpoints included change in ADPS from baseline to Week 14.
Results: Overall, 35 patients were enrolled (30 with moderate and 5 with severe renal impairment). Most TEAEs were mild or moderate in severity; the most commonly reported were nasopharyngitis (22.9%) and somnolence (11.4%). Only 4 patients (11.4%) discontinued treatment due to TEAEs. Mirogabalin significantly decreased ADPS from baseline in patients with renal impairment; least squares mean change from baseline at Week 14 was -1.9 (95% confidence interval: -2.8, -1.0).
Conclusion: Mirogabalin was well tolerated and significantly reduced pain levels when used to treat DPNP/PHN at a fixed dose of 7.5 mg once or twice daily in patients with renal impairment.
Keywords: creatinine clearance; dose adjustment; mirogabalin; peripheral neuropathic pain; safety; tolerability.
© 2020 Baba et al.