Close proximity to alcohol outlets is associated with increased crime and hazardous drinking: Pooled nationally representative data from New Zealand

Health Place. 2020 Sep;65:102397. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102397. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Abstract

This nationwide study investigated the relationship between proximity to alcohol outlets (off-licence, on-licence, and other-licence) and two adverse outcomes; hazardous drinking and crime (common assault, non-aggravated sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, and tobacco and liquor offences). After adjustment for important individual- and area-level factors, close proximity to alcohol outlets was associated with increased risk of hazardous drinking, with strong associations for on-licence outlets. Proximity alcohol outlets was also strongly associated with all crime outcomes, often with a dose-response relationship. Nationally representative New Zealand data showed that close proximity to alcohol outlets was associated with increased crime and hazardous drinking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology
  • Alcoholic Beverages / supply & distribution*
  • Crime / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New Zealand
  • Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data*
  • Spatial Analysis*
  • Young Adult