Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a non-inflammatory degenerative disease, with progressive damages on the articular cartilages. In recent years, researchers have paid many efforts in the diagnostics and treatments of OA. However, no effective therapeutic method has been revealed to help inhibit the development of OA. Herein, we studied the roles and associations of PCAT-1 and miR-27-3p in the pathogenesis OA.
Methods: OA articular cartilages and healthy articular cartilages were isolated for investigation. The chondrocytes were isolated from articular cartilage samples. QRT-PCR and western blotting were used for the detection of expression of genes and proteins. cell Titer 96® AQueous one proliferation kit was applied for detect cell viability of Chondrocytes transfected with negative control vector, pcDNA3.1 PCAT-1 plasmid or siRNA against PCAT-1. RNA pull-down assays and Luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm the connection. SPSS 17.0 was employed for statistical analysis.
Results: We found that the expressions of PCAT-1 were up-regulated in OA chondrocytes compared with normal chondrocytes. si-PCAT-1 suppressed apoptotic OA chondrocytes. Over-expression of PCAT-1 enhanced the apoptosis of normal chondrocytes. In addition, the online database and luciferase assay confirmed that PCAT-1 could directly target miR-27b-3p. PCAT-1 could promote the apoptosis of OA and normal chondrocytes through binding with miR-27b-3p.
Conclusions: Based on the comparisons and analysis, we could conclude that lncRNA PCAT-1 regulated the apoptosis of chondrocytes through sponging miR-27b-3p in OA. PCAT-1 has potential values to act as a new therapeutic target for OA patients.
Keywords: Long noncoding RNAs; Osteoarthritis; PCAT-1; miR-27b-3p.