We report the case of a 5-year-old girl with congenital right-sided facial hemihypertrophy and right hemi-macroglossia with lingual mucosal neuromas. The segmental presentation of findings suggested the diagnosis of congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CILF), which belongs within the PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS). This was confirmed by genetic analysis showing a mosaic mutation in PIK3CA H1047R. CILF/PROS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mucosal neuromas.
Keywords: Cowden syndrome; MEN2b; PROS syndromes; congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face; facial infiltrating lipomatosis; mucosal neuromas.
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