Fluid-structure interaction modeling of blood flow in the pulmonary arteries using the unified continuum and variational multiscale formulation

Mech Res Commun. 2020 Jul;107:103556. doi: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2020.103556. Epub 2020 Jun 27.


In this work, we present a computational fluid-structure interaction (FSI) study for a healthy patient-specific pulmonary arterial tree using the unified continuum and variational multiscale (VMS) formulation we previously developed. The unified framework is particularly well-suited for FSI, as the fluid and solid sub-problems are addressed in essentially the same manner and can thus be uniformly integrated in time with the generalized-α method. In addition, the VMS formulation provides a mechanism for large-eddy simulation in the fluid sub-problem and pressure stabilization in the solid sub-problem. The FSI problem is solved in a quasi-direct approach, in which the pressure and velocity in the unified continuum body are first solved, and the solid displacement is then obtained via a segregated algorithm and prescribed as a boundary condition for the mesh motion. Results of the pulmonary arterial FSI simulation are presented and compared against those of a rigid wall simulation.

Keywords: Cardiovascular biomechanics; Fluid-structure interaction; Pulmonary artery; Unified continuum model; Variational multiscale formulation.