Management of slipped capital femoral epiphysis: Results of a survey of the members of the Paediatric Orthopaedic Society of India (POSI)

J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2020 Jul;11(Suppl 4):S553-S556. doi: 10.1016/j.jcot.2020.04.029. Epub 2020 May 5.


Aim: To determine the preferred practices in the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) among members of the Paediatric Orthopaedic Society of India (POSI).

Materials and methods: A questionnaire with 16 vignettes was made about SCFE and sent to all members of the Paediatric Orthopaedic Society of India (POSI) to study the similarity and variation in the management of SCFE. Specifically, respondents were asked about the role of reduction, methods of fixation, prophylactic fixation of the non-affected hip, postoperative management and their view on the prevalence of Femoro Acetabular Impingement (FAI) and anticipated need for secondary surgery.

Results: The response rate was 94 out of 203 members of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeons of India (51.9%). 62 out of 94 (66%) participating surgeons had an exclusive paediatric orthopaedics workload, with 61 surgeons (65%) having more than ten years of experience. Seventy-eight surgeons (83%) were most consistent in their advice for the management of stable slips based on severity. For severe stable slips, 67 surgeons (71%) recommended Modified Dunn procedure. Around 23% of the respondents preferred to do modified Dunn's procedure for all unstable slips while the rest had different approaches to treat this. Single Partially threaded cancellous screw is the preferred implant for in-situ fixation, while a single screw and K wire construct is the preferred construct for in Modified Dunn's procedure. Only 17(16%) of the responders do prophylactic pinning of the opposite hip regularly. Almost 90 responders (96%) do counsel parents about FAI in later stages of life.

Conclusion: Our study documents that about 70% of the practising paediatric orthopaedic surgeons prefer to do capital realignment procedure for severe stable slips. The treatment of unstable slips remains controversial without any consensus though about 70% believe that there is a role of gentle reduction or positional reduction or skeletal traction. About 50% of the respondents treat less than five slips a year and thus would not possible to generate high-quality evidence based on meagre numbers. This clearly shows that there is a need for developing a national SCFE registry to pool in all data which would help us to arrive at meaningful conclusions to arrive at the ideal management guidelines for SCFE.

Keywords: Capital; Epiphysis; Femoral; POSI; Slipped; Survey.