Neuroanatomical changes of the medial prefrontal cortex of male pups of Wistar rat after prenatal and postnatal noise stress

Acta Histochem. 2020 Sep;122(6):151589. doi: 10.1016/j.acthis.2020.151589. Epub 2020 Jul 6.


Recent evidences showed that, noise stress causes abnormal changes in structure and function of central nervous system (CNS). The Current study was conducted to evaluate some stereological parameters of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of male pups of Wistar rat after prenatal and early postnatal noise stress. 18 pregnant Wistar rats were randomly divided into prenatal noise-exposed (NE) group, postnatal NE group, and controls. Male pups of NE groups were exposed to noise 100 dB at the frequency ranges of 500-8000 Hz, 4 h per day from gestational day one (GD1) to GD21 for the prenatal NE group, and from postnatal day one (PND1) to PND21 in the postnatal NE group. The Control group animals were maintained under standard condition without noise stimulation. Corticosterone level in plasma was measured using ELISA technique. Changes of the neurons and non-neurons cells number and volume of the mPFC were evaluated by stereological analysis. Tunnel assay was also used for detection of apoptotic cells. Increase in plasma corticosterone level, decrease in the number of neurons, and increase in the apoptotic cells number were observed in both NE groups. Decrease in volume of mPFC and also in non-neurons cells number was observed in the prenatal NE group. An increase in the non-neurons number was seen in the postnatal NE group. Data of the current comparative study showed that, noise stress during prenatal and early postnatal periods can induce the abnormal alteration in some stereological parameters of mPFC in male pups of Wistar rat. These negative alterations were more remarkable after prenatal noise stress.

Keywords: Medial prefrontal cortex; Neuron; Noise; Postnatal; Prenatal.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / physiology
  • Corticosterone / blood
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Noise*
  • Prefrontal Cortex / anatomy & histology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Corticosterone