Rationale and techniques for Posterior Opening Wedge Osteotomy (POWO) in proximal junctional failure due to iatrogenic lumbar hyperlordosis

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2021 Nov;107(7):102657. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2020.04.015. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Abstract

Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a compensatory phenomenon in reaction to pathologic lumbar hyperlordosis. Inappropriate spinal curve harmony incurs risk of PJK. Postoperative failure of posterior instrumentation, with kyphosis resistant to revision surgery at the proximal junction, may be caused by excessive iatrogenic lumbar lordosis. The surgical attitude should be to decrease lumbar lordosis by posterior opening wedge osteotomy (POWO). We describe the rationale for POWO and surgical techniques at L3. The technique is illustrated by a case report at 24 months' follow-up. Based on rational analysis of the distribution of lordosis along the lumbar spine and of adaptation of the sitting position, POWO may be indicated to avoid PJK after revision surgery in adult spinal Deformation revision surgery.

Keywords: Hyperlordosis-junctional kyphosis; Posterior opening osteotomya; Reverse pedicle subtraction osteotomy; Sagittal balance.