Alcohol Availability, Use, and Harms Among Adolescents in Three Mexican Cities

J Drug Educ. 2020 Mar-Jun;49(1-2):55-68. doi: 10.1177/0047237920929331. Epub 2020 Jun 13.


Alcohol remains readily available to youth in most countries. We examined the associations between both the on- and off-premises commercial availability of alcohol to youth and their alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking, and alcohol-related harms. We conducted the study using data from a survey of a sample of 594 students in central Mexico between 12 and 17 years of age in 2016. Both the perceived availability of alcohol and the purchasing of alcohol at an off-premises establishment were positively related to past-30-day alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking, as well as to alcohol-related harms in the past year. Consumption at on-premises establishments was also positively associated with alcohol-related harms. Preventive efforts to reduce the availability of alcohol at off- and on-premises establishments, by such strategies as mystery shopper and responsible beverage service programs, are imperative.

Keywords: Mexico; adolescent; alcohol; availability; harms.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Alcoholic Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology
  • Binge Drinking / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Sex Factors
  • Underage Drinking / statistics & numerical data*