Purpose: To define a metric for the separability between water and olefinic fat peaks that defines a threshold beyond which the extraction of the olefinic fat peak from vertebral bone marrow short-echo time-stimulated echo acquisition mode MRS at 3T is feasible when using a constrained peak fitting based on the triglyceride fat model.
Methods: The water and olefinic peak height difference was defined as a metric for quantifying the separability of water and olefinic fat peaks. Fat unsaturation was determined using an unconstrained olefinic peak fitting and a constrained fitting of all fat peaks to the triglyceride model. The agreement between the two peak-fitting methods was used to define a threshold on water and olefinic peak height difference separating two groups (A and B), based on L5 short-echo time-stimulated echo acquisition mode (TE = 11 ms) spectra from 252 subjects measured at 3T.
Results: A threshold on water and olefinic peak height difference was defined. Group A with a good agreement of the olefinic fat peak between the two peak-fitting methods showed a mean number of double bounds = 2.95 ± 0.21, a mean number of methylene-interrupted double bounds = 0.94 ± 0.16 and also a significantly lower coefficient of variation for all fatty acid composition parameters compared to group B (p < .001). The water and olefinic peak height difference value showed an inverse association with fat fraction.
Conclusion: A threshold of a metric quantifying the separability of the water peak and the olefinic fat peaks was defined for the estimation of the vertebral bone marrow fat unsaturation from short-echo time-stimulated echo acquisition mode MRS. The proposed methodology shows that the assessment of vertebral bone marrow unsaturation is feasible with a short-echo time-stimulated echo acquisition mode MRS in subjects with a higher fat fraction.
Keywords: bone marrow; fat unsaturation; single-voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy; triglyceride model.
© 2020 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.