Objective: The aims of the study were: (i) to estimate the frequency of legume consumption in a study sample from Poland; (ii) to assess relationships between frequency of legume consumption and sociodemographic factors, health status and health-related variables and (iii) to describe the sociodemographic and health-related profiles of 'frequent', 'rare' and 'never legume consumers'.
Design: A cross-sectional study with a self-administered questionnaire was conducted. χ2 test compared the distribution of sociodemographic, health status and health-related variables in accordance with frequency of legume consumption. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) revealed the sociodemographic and health-related profiles of 'frequent', 'rare' and 'never legume consumers'.
Setting: Adult individuals from Poland.
Participants: The present study included 1135 adults aged 18-80 years.
Results: Only 22·8 % of all participants declared frequent legume consumption. The prevalence of 'rare' and 'never consumers' was 72·1 and 5·1 %, respectively. The MCA highlighted strong correspondence of sociodemographic factors, health status and health-related variables with the frequency of legume consumption.
Conclusions: Low frequency of legume consumption in a study sample of adults from Poland was strongly associated with male sex, low educational level, physical work, living in villages and small cities, and living with more than one co-resident; low legume consumption was also associated with sedentary lifestyle, no disease prevalence and no dietary supplementation.
Keywords: Frequency of consumption; Health-related variables; Legumes; Nutrition education; Sociodemographic factors.