Polycaprolactone nanofiber coated with chitosan and Gamma oryzanol functionalized as a novel wound dressing for healing infected wounds

Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Dec 1;164:2358-2369. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.08.079. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Abstract

This study was conducted to design and evaluate a wound dressing based on a polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofiber coated with gamma oryzanol (GO) and chitosan (CS) in mice model. All the dressings were prepared by electrospinning method, and their morphology and physical properties were investigated. The mice were divided into five groups and treated with I) PCL-sole (PCL), III) PCL-mupirocin (PCL-M), IV) PCL-GO, IV) PCL-CS, and V) PCL-CS-GO. Wound area, total bacterial count, histopathological parameters, and expressions of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-10, MMP-9, EGF, and VEGF were assessed. The fibers were randomly distributed in PCL group, but loading CS and GO increased the complexity and placing on the dressings. PCLs loaded with GO and CS showed lower viscosity, surface tension, and fiber diameter and higher conductivity and water contact angle compared to unloaded PCLs (P < 0.05). The treatment with PCLs loaded with mupirocin, CS, and GO significantly reduced wound area and total bacterial count (P < 0.05). Loading PCLs with mupirocin, CS, and GO decreased the expressions of IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-9, but increased the expressions of IL-10 and VEGF compared to the unloaded PCL group (P < 0.05). The most optimal responses to wound healing and physical parameters belonged to the PCL-CS-GO group.

Keywords: Gamma oryzanol; Infection wound healing; Polycaprolactone nanofiber.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bandages*
  • Chitosan / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Nanofibers / chemistry*
  • Phenylpropionates / chemistry*
  • Polyesters / chemistry*
  • Wound Healing*
  • Wound Infection / metabolism
  • Wound Infection / pathology
  • Wound Infection / therapy*

Substances

  • Phenylpropionates
  • Polyesters
  • polycaprolactone
  • Chitosan
  • gamma-oryzanol