Nonresonant Density of States Enhancement at Low Energies for Three or Four Neutrons

Phys Rev Lett. 2020 Jul 31;125(5):052501. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.052501.


The low energy systems of three or four neutrons are treated within the adiabatic hyperspherical framework, yielding an understanding of the low energy quantum states in terms of an adiabatic potential energy curve. The dominant low energy potential curve for each system, computed here using widely accepted nucleon-nucleon interactions with and without the inclusion of a three-nucleon force, shows no sign of a low energy resonance. However, both systems exhibit a low energy enhancement of the density of states, or of the Wigner-Smith time delay, which derives from long-range universal physics analogous to the Efimov effect. That enhancement could be relevant to understanding the low energy excess of correlated four-neutron ejection events observed experimentally in a nuclear reaction by Kisamori et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 052501 (2016)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.116.052501].