Impact of Operator Characteristics on Outcomes in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Ann Thorac Surg. 2021 Mar;111(3):853-860. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.06.018. Epub 2020 Aug 12.


Background: Operator characteristics and outcome relationships have not been evaluated at the individual operator level.

Methods: From New York State Department of Health Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System, 5896 elective transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures performed by 161 operators between 2012 and 2016 were analyzed. We examined the following characteristics of the primary operator: specialty (surgery vs cardiology), sex, medical school location, experience of cardiology practice, interventional cardiology credentialing, past-year TAVR volume, and first year performing TAVR in New York State. The primary outcome was a composite of inhospital mortality, stroke, and acute myocardial infarction.

Results: After adjusting for patient and other provider characteristics, there was no significant difference in the risk of major events between surgeons and cardiologists in performing TAVR (3.4% vs 3.6%, P = .60), between male operators and female operators (P = .80), and between operators who graduated from a US medical school and operators educated outside the United States (3.4% vs 3.6%, P = .73). In the subgroup analysis, interventional cardiology credentialing was not significantly associated with the inhospital major events (odds ratio 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 0.56 to 1.88; P = .80).

Conclusions: Primary operator specialty and other characteristics for TAVR were not associated with a difference in risk-adjusted inhospital outcomes. That may be due to the heart team model that allows proceduralists of different backgrounds to lend their expertise to the procedure.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve / surgery*
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnosis
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / mortality
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospital Mortality / trends
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Registries*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Time Factors
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States / epidemiology