Oxygen-ozone (O2-O3) immunoceutical therapy for patients with COVID-19. Preliminary evidence reported

Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Nov;88:106879. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106879. Epub 2020 Aug 8.


Objective: This study evaluated the potential efficacy of a novel approach to treat COVID-19 patients, using an oxygen-ozone (O2-O3) mixture, via a process called Oxygen-Ozone- Immunoceutical Therapy. The methodology met the criteria of a novel, promising approach to treat successfully elderly COVID-19 patients, particularly when hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) Experimental design: We investigated the therapeutic effect of 4 cycles of O2-O3 in 50 hospitalized COVID-19 subjects suffering from acute respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS), aged more than 60 years, all males and undergoing non invasive mechanical ventilation in ICUs.

Results: Following O2-O3 treatment a significant improvement in inflammation and oxygenation indexes occurred rapidly and within the first 9 days after the treatment, despite the expected 14-20 days. A significant reduction of inflammatory and thromboembolic markers (CRP, IL-6, D-dimer) was observed. Furthermore, amelioration in the major respiratory indexes, such as respiratory and gas exchange markers (SatO2%, PaO2/FiO2 ratio), was reported.

Conclusion: Our results show that O2-O3 treatment would be a promising therapy for COVID-19 patients. It leads patients to a fast recovery from ARDS via the improvement of major respiratory indexes and blood gas parameters, following a relatively short time of dispensed forced ventilation (about one to two weeks). This study may encourage the scientific community to further investigate and evaluate the proposed method for the treatment of COVID-19 patients.

Keywords: COVID-19; D-dimer; IL-6; Immunoceutical; Oxygen; Ozone therapy; Pneumonia.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Betacoronavirus
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections / immunology
  • Coronavirus Infections / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy / instrumentation
  • Immunotherapy / methods*
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Oxygen / administration & dosage
  • Oxygen / therapeutic use*
  • Ozone / administration & dosage
  • Ozone / therapeutic use*
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / immunology
  • Pneumonia, Viral / therapy*
  • Respiration, Artificial
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / immunology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / therapy*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Ozone
  • Oxygen