On the Role of Hollow Aluminium Oxide Microballoons during Machining of AZ31 Magnesium Syntactic Foam

Materials (Basel). 2020 Aug 11;13(16):3534. doi: 10.3390/ma13163534.


The role played by hollow ceramic thin-walled aluminium oxide microballoons on the shear deformation characteristics of AZ31 Magnesium syntactic foam is studied through high-speed machining. The ceramic microballoons embedded in the AZ31 matrix provides the necessary stiffness for these novel foams. The effect of hollow ceramic microballoon properties, such as the volume fraction, thin wall thickness to diameter ratio, and microballoon diameter, profoundly affects the chip formation. A novel force model has been proposed to explain the causes of variation in cutting forces during chip formation. The results showed an increase in machining forces during cutting AZ31 foams dispersed with higher volume fraction and finer microballoons. At a lower (Davg/h) ratio, the mode of microballoon deformation was a combination of bubble burst and fracture through an effective load transfer mechanism with the plastic AZ31 Mg matrix. The developed force model explained the key role played by AZ31 matrix/alumina microballoon on tool surface friction and showed a better agreement with measured machining forces.

Keywords: alumina; cutting; magnesium; microballoons.