Analysis of Wellbeing in Nongovernmental Organizations' Workplace in a Developed Area Context

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Aug 11;17(16):5818. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17165818.


An extremely useful theoretical approach to understanding the nature of work, health, and wellbeing is the job demand-control (JDC) model and the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model. In order for professional workers in the nongovernmental organization (NGO) sector to do their job, it is necessary for them to have a feeling of wellbeing. Despite this, in Europe, studies regarding the effects of the JDCS model in relation to workers' wellbeing have not been carried out. This study is expected to fill this important gap in research by analyzing the relationship of wellbeing with work demands, work control, and social support. In order to corroborate the proposed hypotheses, an analysis of these constructs in employees in European nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) was developed and, using structural equation models, these relationships were tested. The results confirm the main hypothesis of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model and the causal relationship among physical and psychological demands, work control, and support from supervisors and colleagues with the level of employee wellbeing.

Keywords: NGOs; job control; job demands; social support; wellbeing.

MeSH terms

  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Models, Psychological
  • Occupational Health*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Organizations, Nonprofit / organization & administration*
  • Social Support*
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workload / psychology*
  • Workplace / organization & administration*
  • Workplace / psychology