Effects of lavender oil intervention before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography on patients' vital signs, pain and anxiety: A randomized controlled study

Explore (NY). 2021 Sep-Oct;17(5):446-450. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2020.07.011. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Abstract

Background: This study was carried out to determine the effects of lavender oil intervention before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) on patients' vital signs, pain and anxiety.

Materials and methods: This study was designed as a randomized controlled study. The population of the study consisted of adult patients who were going to receive ERCP at the gastroenterology clinic of a university hospital. Ninety patients participated in the study. The data were collected using a Patient Information Form, a Pre-Post Test Record Form, VAS and the State Anxiety Scale.

Results: After lavender oil intervention, the pulse rate, systolic-diastolic blood pressure, pain and anxiety levels of the patients in the experiment group were reduced, their oxygen saturation levels were increased, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Lavender oil applied on the patients before the ERCP procedure reduced their pulse rate, systolic-diastolic blood pressure, pain and anxiety levels, while it increased their oxygen saturation levels.

Keywords: Anxiety; ERCP; Lavender oil intervention; Pain; Vital signs.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety* / drug therapy
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde*
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Lavandula / chemistry
  • Oils, Volatile / therapeutic use*
  • Pain* / drug therapy
  • Pain* / etiology
  • Plant Oils / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Oils, Volatile
  • Plant Oils
  • lavender oil