Relation of Corneal Astigmatism with Various Corneal Image Quality Parameters in a Large Cohort of Naïve Corneas

Clin Ophthalmol. 2020 Aug 4:14:2203-2210. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S264706. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between corneal astigmatism and corneal image quality parameters (i.e., root mean square [RMS] of some major corneal higher order aberrations [HOAs] "namely RMS of coma aberrations, RMS of trefoil aberrations, and RMS of spherical aberration [RMS-SA]" and Strehl ratio [SR] of point spread function [PSF]) by using the Sirius topographer (CSO Italia, Florence, Italy).

Patients and methods: This cross-sectional study used the Sirius topographer to evaluate the naïve corneas of right eyes (n = 1,356). The study included three groups which were based on the mean anterior corneal astigmatism value (group 1, <1 D; group 2, 1-2 D; and group 3, >2 D).

Results: The corneal astigmatism showed statistically significant (yet narrow clinical) differences among the groups regarding all the examined parameters (P<0.001), except for the RMS-SA (which was statistically insignificant among the three groups). Correlation coefficients were weak between the corneal astigmatism and HOAs (correlation coefficient "r" not reaching 0.2 with any of the evaluated HOAs).

Conclusion: Significant differences existed among the astigmatic groups regarding corneal HOAs, but the mean values were very close. The deduced relations between corneal astigmatism and corneal image quality parameters had limited clinical relevance. Thus, the corneal astigmatism should be evaluated separately from corneal image quality parameters, either when deciding between refractive correction modalities (customized versus optimized ablation techniques) or when evaluating corneal image quality of a naïve cornea.

Keywords: Sirius topographer; corneal astigmatism; corneal image quality; customized versus optimized laser corneal ablation; higher order aberrations (HOAs).

Grants and funding

There is no funding to report.