Cardiometabolic disease in the older person: prediction and prevention for the generalist physician

Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Feb 22;9(3):90-95. doi: 10.1097/XCE.0000000000000193. eCollection 2020 Sep.


Ageing is associated with chronic inflammation and oxidative stress that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Frailty and sarcopenia, which are associated with increased visceral obesity and muscle mass loss, are now emerging as new potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Increased muscle visceral fat leads to increased secretion of harmful proinflammatory adipokines and reduced muscle mass leads to reduced secretion of the protective myokines creating an abnormal cardiometabolic state increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. This review: (1) explore traditional and newly emerging cardiometabolic risk factors in older people; (2) investigate methods of prediction and prevention of cardiovascular disease in those with diabetes; and (3) concludes that the development of a subspeciality of Cardiometabolic Medicine should be considered.

Keywords: cardiometabolic disease; cardiovascular; diabetes; older people; risk.

Publication types

  • Review