Using claims data from the universal health insurance program of Taiwan, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate whether endometriosis and hormone therapy are associated with the risk of developing hyperlipidemia. We selected 9,155 women aged 20-55 years with endometriosis diagnosed during the period 2000-2013 and 212,641 women without endometriosis with a median follow-up time of 7 years. Among patients with endometriosis, 86% of cases were identified on the basis of diagnosis codes with an ultrasound claim, and 14% were defined by diagnostic laparoscopy or surgical treatments. In a Cox proportional hazards model, the adjusted hazard ratio was 1.30 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19, 1.41) for all women, 1.04 (95% CI: 0.81, 1.32) for women under 35 years of age, 1.17 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.32) for women aged 35-44 years, and 1.34 (95% CI: 1.18, 1.52) for women aged 45-54 years. Hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy accounted for 46.9% of the association between endometriosis and hyperlipidemia, and hormone therapy accounted for 21.6%. Among women with endometriosis, the marginal structural model approach adjusting for time-varying hysterectomy/bilateral oophorectomy showed no association between use of hormone medications and risk of hyperlipidemia. We concluded that women with endometriosis are at increased risk of hyperlipidemia; use of hormone therapy by these women was not independently associated with the development of hyperlipidemia.
Keywords: endometriosis; hormone therapy; hyperlipidemia; women’s health.
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