Background: Buprenorphine combined with psychosocial support is the standard of care for treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) in office-based primary care settings. However, uptake of this treatment has been slow due to a number of addressable barriers including providers' lack of training, staffing concerns, stigma and the need for ongoing support and consultation. This study examined acceptability and feasibility of an online Extensions for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) model intervention developed to support rural primary care clinics to expand treatment and is part of a larger study tracking the impact of participation in this ECHO on expansion of MOUD in rural primary care. Methods: We developed a comprehensive, 12-week online education and mentorship intervention using ECHO aimed at supporting the entire primary care clinic to start or expand treatment using MOUD, psychosocial treatments and recovery supports. We tracked participation and collected feedback using qualitative interviews and post-session questionnaires. Results: Sixty-seven primary care staff across 27 rural clinics in New Mexico participated in the study including 32 prescribers and 35 clinic support staff. Average participation was 4/12 sessions. Post-session questionnaires showed positive feedback, including that 95% or more respondents agreed or strongly agreed that the sessions were relevant and improved their confidence. Qualitative interview themes included strong endorsement of the ECHO curriculum. Clinical duties were the most common barrier to attending sessions. Conclusions: Engagement of 27 clinics, the range of staff and providers who participated, and positive feedback gathered through survey and qualitative interviews provide evidence of feasibility and acceptability of MOUD ECHO to support expansion of this treatment. However, barriers to participation present an important threat to feasibility. Understanding feasibility and acceptability is an important component of research on the impact of ECHO to expand MOUD treatment.
Keywords: ECHO model; Implementation science; medications for treatment of opioid use disorder; primary care; rural.