Improving Hospitalized Children's Sleep by Reducing Excessive Overnight Blood Pressure Monitoring

Pediatrics. 2020 Sep;146(3):e20192217. doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-2217.


Background: Although required for healing, sleep is often disrupted during hospitalization. Blood pressure (BP) monitoring can be especially disruptive for pediatric inpatients and has few clinical indications. Our aim in this pilot study was to reduce unnecessary overnight BP monitoring and improve sleep for pediatric inpatients.

Methods: The intervention in June 2018 involved clinician education sessions and updated electronic health record (EHR) orders that enabled the forgoing of overnight BP checks. The postintervention period from July 2018 to May 2019 examined patient-caregiver surveys as outcome measures. These surveys measured inpatient sleep and overnight disruptions and were adopted from validated surveys: the Patient Sleep Questionnaire, expanded Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, and Potential Hospital Sleep Disruptions and Noises Questionnaire. Uptake of new sleep-friendly EHR orders was a process measure. Reported patient care escalations served as a balancing measure.

Results: Interrupted time series analysis of EHR orders (npre = 493; npost = 1472) showed an increase in intercept for the proportion of patients forgoing overnight BP postintervention (+50.7%; 95% confidence interval 41.2% to 60.3%; P < .001) and a subsequent decrease in slope each week (-0.16%; 95% confidence interval -0.32% to -0.01%; P = .037). Statistical process control of surveys (npre = 263; npost = 131) showed a significant increase in sleep duration for patients older than 2, and nighttime disruptions by clinicians decreased by 19% (P < .001). Annual estimated cost savings were $15 842.01. No major adverse events in patients forgoing BP were reported.

Conclusions: A pilot study combining EHR changes and clinician education safely decreased overnight BP checks, increased pediatric inpatient sleep duration, and reduced nighttime disruptions by clinicians.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Pressure Determination / psychology
  • Blood Pressure Determination / standards*
  • Blood Pressure Determination / trends
  • Caregivers / education
  • Caregivers / standards
  • Caregivers / trends
  • Child
  • Child, Hospitalized* / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electronic Health Records / standards
  • Electronic Health Records / trends
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / education
  • Health Personnel / standards*
  • Health Personnel / trends
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Interrupted Time Series Analysis / standards*
  • Interrupted Time Series Analysis / trends
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality Improvement / standards*
  • Quality Improvement / trends
  • Sleep / physiology*