Validity of a New 3-D Motion Analysis Tool for the Assessment of Knee, Hip and Spine Joint Angles during the Single Leg Squat

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Aug 13;20(16):4539. doi: 10.3390/s20164539.


Aim: Study concurrent validity of a new sensor-based 3D motion capture (MoCap) tool to register knee, hip and spine joint angles during the single leg squat.

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: University laboratory.

Participants: Forty-four physically active (Tegner ≥ 5) subjects (age 22.8 (±3.3)) Main outcome measures: Sagittal and frontal plane trunk, hip and knee angles at peak knee flexion. The sensor-based system consisted of 4 active (triaxial accelerometric, gyroscopic and geomagnetic) sensors wirelessly connected with an iPad. A conventional passive tracking 3D MoCap (OptiTrack) system served as gold standard.

Results: All sagittal plane measurement correlations observed were very strong for the knee and hip (r = 0.929-0.988, p < 0.001). For sagittal plane spine assessment, the correlations were moderate (r = 0.708-0.728, p < 0.001). Frontal plane measurement correlations were moderate in size for the hip (ρ = 0.646-0.818, p < 0.001) and spine (ρ = 0.613-0.827, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The 3-D MoCap tool has good to excellent criterion validity for sagittal and frontal plane angles occurring in the knee, hip and spine during the single leg squat. This allows bringing this type of easily accessible MoCap technology outside laboratory settings.

Keywords: 3-D motion analysis; clinical; motion capture; single leg squat; validity.

Publication types

  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Hip Joint*
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint*
  • Leg
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Spine*
  • Young Adult