A Review about the Recent Advances in Selected NonThermal Plasma Assisted Solid-Gas Phase Chemical Processes

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2020 Aug 14;10(8):1596. doi: 10.3390/nano10081596.


Plasma science has attracted the interest of researchers in various disciplines since the 1990s. This continuously evolving field has spawned investigations into several applications, including industrial sterilization, pollution control, polymer science, food safety and biomedicine. nonthermal plasma (NTP) can promote the occurrence of chemical reactions in a lower operating temperature range, condition in which, in a conventional process, a catalyst is generally not active. The aim, when using NTP, is to selectively transfer electrical energy to the electrons, generating free radicals through collisions and promoting the desired chemical changes without spending energy in heating the system. Therefore, NTP can be used in various fields, such as NOx removal from exhaust gases, soot removal from diesel engine exhaust, volatile organic compound (VOC) decomposition, industrial applications, such as ammonia production or methanation reaction (Sabatier reaction). The combination of NTP technology with catalysts is a promising option to improve selectivity and efficiency in some chemical processes. In this review, recent advances in selected nonthermal plasma assisted solid-gas processes are introduced, and the attention was mainly focused on the use of the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactors.

Keywords: catalysts; nonthermal plasma; packed bed reactors: DeNOx; plasma chemical process; process intensification; soot abatement; volatile organic compounds decomposition.

Publication types

  • Review