An Implementation Framework for the Clinically Indicated Removal Policy for Peripheral Intravenous Catheters

J Nurs Care Qual. 2021 Apr-Jun 01;36(2):117-124. doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000507.


Background: Equivalent clinical outcomes, lower costs, and fewer invasive procedures have resulted in revised recommendations for the removal of peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) from the traditional 72- to 96-hourly removal to removal based upon clinical indication.

Problem: Uptake of this evidence-based innovation to health systems is often delayed, in part due to the lack of a guiding framework for successful implementation strategies to guide systems to transition to and sustain clinically indicated PIVC removal.

Approach: We used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to reflect on strategies likely important for the successful implementation of PIVC removal evidence into policy and practice.

Outcomes: We discuss and provide a critique of salient strategies for successful implementation of clinically indicated PIVC removal with regard to intervention characteristics, the outer and inner settings, characteristics of individuals, and implementation processes.

Conclusions: Successful implementation of clinically indicated PIVC removal can be achieved through planned and systematic processes within the CFIR framework.

MeSH terms

  • Catheterization, Peripheral*
  • Catheters
  • Humans
  • Policy