Treatment Results of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Using the Parallel Stent-Graft Double D Technique for Distal Saccular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and Common Iliac Aneurysms

Ann Vasc Surg. 2021 Feb:71:392-401. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2020.07.048. Epub 2020 Aug 19.


Background: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using a bifurcated stent graft may involve technical challenges when aortic disease (aneurysm or dissection) consists of a length <70 mm between the inferior renal artery and aortic bifurcation or narrow aortic bifurcation that is common in asymmetric distal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) or iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs). We use EVAR with the double D technique (DDT-EVAR) for such cases, which involves straight type of stent grafts with same diameter in left and right that are deployed parallel to an aortic cuff that has been previously placed. In addition, DDT-EVAR can preserve the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) for IAA.

Methods: DDT-EVAR was performed for 21 of 910 (2%) cases from April 2007 to April 2019 at our institution. The median patient age was 74 years (range, 52-85). Nineteen patients (90%) were men. Six patients (all saccular; 1 rupture) had AAAs, 12 had IAAs, and 3 had chronic type B aortic dissociation (TBAD) for re-entry closure. AAA and IAA had diameters of 45 mm (range, 34-71) and 34 mm (range, 25-58), respectively. An aortic cuff was used for 19 (90%) cases. Endurant II (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA) was used for 12 cases. The Excluder (W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Flagstaff, AZ) was used for 7 cases. Endurant II was used for 20 cases, and the VBX (W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc) was used for 1 case as stent-graft limbs.

Results: The procedural success rate was 100%. The median operative time was 146 min (range, 88-324). IMA planned for preservation was successful for all 12 cases. Type I and type III endoleaks were not observed. With TBAD, flow to the false lumen decreased or disappeared, and no complications during the hospital stay were associated with the procedure. For 2 patients whose procedure involved Endurant II stent-graft limb, limb occlusions were observed postoperatively, and reintervention was required. No other patients required additional treatment at a median follow-up of 18 months (range, 4-50).

Conclusions: DDT-EVAR is a safe and straightforward technique for the treatment of distal AAA, common iliac artery aneurysm, and TBAD. It may help preserve the IMA and internal iliac artery, even when it is impossible to preserve them with a bifurcated stent graft.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Dissection / surgery*
  • Aortic Rupture / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Rupture / surgery*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
  • Endovascular Procedures / adverse effects
  • Endovascular Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iliac Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Iliac Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Operative Time
  • Postoperative Complications / therapy
  • Retreatment
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome