Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) Annual Surveillance Report 2019

Commun Dis Intell (2018). 2020 Aug 17:44. doi: 10.33321/cdi.2020.44.60.


The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) has been prospectively collecting national data on rare childhood conditions since 1993, with monthly reporting of cases by paediatricians. In this report we describe annual results from studies for ten communicable diseases and complications of communicable diseases that were conducted using APSU surveillance in 2019 and place these in an historic context. Results are reported on acute flaccid paralysis, congenital cytomegalovirus infection, neonatal herpes simplex virus infection, perinatal exposure to HIV, paediatric HIV infection, severe complications of seasonal influenza, juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP), congenital rubella syndrome, congenital varicella syndrome and neonatal varicella infection. APSU provides rich clinical data to complement data collected from other surveillance systems and to improve understanding and response to rare childhood infections.

Keywords: Australia; child; communicable diseases; public health surveillance; rare diseases.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Chickenpox / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Communicable Diseases / history
  • Congenital Abnormalities / epidemiology
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • Herpes Simplex / epidemiology
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Papillomavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / epidemiology
  • Public Health Surveillance*
  • Rare Diseases / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology
  • Rubella Syndrome, Congenital / epidemiology

Supplementary concepts

  • Neonatal herpes
  • Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis