The spectrum of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency syndromes comprises a variety of disorders, including a form of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia (ARCA2) caused by mutations in the AarF domain-containing kinase 3 gene (ADCK3). Due to the potential response to CoQ10 supplementation, a timely diagnosis is crucial. Herein, we describe two siblings with a novel homozygous ADCK3 variant and an unusual presentation consisting of isolated writer's cramp with adult-onset. Cerebellar ataxia developed later in the disease course and remained stable during the follow-up. This report highlights that ARCA2 should be considered in the differential diagnosis of familial writer's cramp.
Keywords: Ataxia; Coenzyme Q10; Dystonia; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Mitochondrial disease; Ubiquinone.