The surface stability and resulting transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), specifically in indoor environments, have been identified as a potential pandemic challenge requiring investigation. This novel virus can be found on various surfaces in contaminated sites such as clinical places; however, the behavior and molecular interactions of the virus with respect to the surfaces are poorly understood. Regarding this, the virus adsorption onto solid surfaces can play a critical role in transmission and survival in various environments. In this article, we first give an overview of existing knowledge concerning viral spread, molecular structure of SARS-CoV-2, and the virus surface stability is presented. Then, we highlight potential drivers of the SARS-CoV-2 surface adsorption and stability in various environmental conditions. This theoretical analysis shows that different surface and environmental conditions including temperature, humidity, and pH are crucial considerations in building fundamental understanding of the virus transmission and thereby improving safety practices.
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; bond and ion specific probes; environmental conditions; molecular interactions; nonlinear optical techniques; surface chemistry; virus adsorption onto the surfaces.
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.