Prognostic factors associated with six month mortality of critically ill elderly patients admitted to the intensive care unit with severe acute cholangitis

HPB (Oxford). 2021 Mar;23(3):459-467. doi: 10.1016/j.hpb.2020.08.003. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Abstract

Background: Little is known about the outcomes of elderly patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with severe acute cholangitis (SAC). The objectives were to describe the 6-month mortality in patients with SAC ≥75 years and to identify factors associated with this mortality.

Methods: Bi-center retrospective study of critically ill elderly patients with SAC conducted between 2013 and 2017. Demographic and clinical variables of ICU and hospital stays with a 6-month follow-up were analyzed.

Results: 85 patients, with a median [Q1-Q3] age of 83 [80-89] years were enrolled of whom 51 (60%) were men. SAC was due to choledocholithiasis in 72 (85%) patients. Median [Q1-Q3] ICU length of stay was 3 [2-6] days. Median [Q1-Q3] admission SAPS II was 50 [42-70]. The ICU and 6-month mortality rates were 18% and 48% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that malnutrition (OR = 34.5, 95% CI [1.4-817.9]) and a decrease in SOFA score at 48 h (OR by unit 0.7, 95% CI [0.5-0.9]) were associated with higher 6-month mortality.

Conclusion: In their decision-making process, ICU physicians and hepato-pancreato-biliary surgeons could use these data to estimate the probability of survival of an elderly patient presenting with SAC and to offer time-limited trials of intensive care.

Trial registration: NCT03831529.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03831529