Impregnation of pectin-cedarwood essential oil nanocapsules onto mini cotton bag improves larvicidal performances

Sci Rep. 2020 Aug 24;10(1):14107. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-70889-z.


The use pesticide is one of the indispensable means to combat mosquito borne diseases. However, the repeated use of synthetic pesticides has induced resistance in the vector pest along with undesirable impact on the environment. The biodegradability, non-persistent and user's safety are the root cause to prefer plant-derived pesticides to synthetic ones. The botanical based pesticides tend to degrade rapidly under the influence of several environmental factors. For the feasible application as pesticides, the plant products are formulated either as liquid or as purely solid. Despite well-established formulation technology in pesticide delivery, their handling trouble is being ignored. There is difficulty in liquid formulation of pesticide products, as they are prone to splashing and spillage, resulting in contamination, wastage and direct exposure to skin; whereas a solid formulation tends to produce dust. In the present work, cedarwood (Cedrus deodara) essential oil embedded pectin nanocapsules were produced. The nanocapsules were characterized according to their morphology, size, encapsulation efficiency and thermal stability. Furthermore, the nanocapsules were impregnated onto mini cotton tea bags to be employed as RTU (ready to use) formulation for treating the breeding sites of mosquitoes. The larvicidal activity of the bags treated with pectin-cedar wood nanocapsules was assessed against malaria vector, Anopheles culicifacies and 98% mortality was recorded till 4 weeks, this suggests its potential and hassle free applications in controlling mosquito vector.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles / drug effects*
  • Biological Control Agents / pharmacology
  • Cedrus / chemistry
  • Insecticides / pharmacology*
  • Malaria / prevention & control*
  • Mosquito Vectors / drug effects*
  • Nanocapsules
  • Oils, Volatile / pharmacology*
  • Pectins
  • Tea / chemistry


  • Biological Control Agents
  • Insecticides
  • Nanocapsules
  • Oils, Volatile
  • Tea
  • cedarwood oil
  • Pectins