ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Nairoviridae

J Gen Virol. 2020 Aug;101(8):798-799. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.001485. Epub 2020 Aug 24.


Members of the family Nairoviridae produce enveloped virions with three single-stranded RNA segments comprising 17.1 to 22.8 kb in total. These viruses are maintained in arthropods and transmitted by ticks to mammals or birds. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is tick-borne and is endemic in most of Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe whereas Nairobi sheep disease virus, which is also tick-borne, causes lethal haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in small ruminants in Africa and India. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Nairoviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/nairoviridae.

Keywords: Bunyavirales; ICTV Report; Nairoviridae; bunyavirus; nairovirus; orthonairovirus; shaspivirus; striwavirus; taxonomy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Genome, Viral / genetics
  • Humans
  • Nairovirus / classification*
  • Nairovirus / genetics
  • RNA Viruses / classification
  • RNA Viruses / genetics