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Clinical Trial
, 31 (5), 371-4

Medical Castration Using Megestrol Acetate and Minidose Estrogen

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Clinical Trial

Medical Castration Using Megestrol Acetate and Minidose Estrogen

D E Johnson et al. Urology.

Abstract

Sixty-two men who presented with previously untreated metastatic carcinoma of the prostate (D0: 10 patients; D1: 29 patients; D2: 23 patients) received oral megestrol acetate (80 mg twice daily) and minidose estrogen (diethylstibestrol 0.1 mg or ethinyl estradiol 0.05 mg once daily) as a means of achieving total androgen ablation (testicular and adrenal). A high incidence of feminizing side effects (70-74%), a higher than expected rate of cardiovascular complications (18%), an unexpected need for cortisone replacement (13%), and failure of patients with Stage D2 disease to obtain results better than those of standard therapy during the first year of observation suggest this regimen offers no advantage over other more conventional therapy.

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