The functions of kinesin and kinesin-related proteins in eukaryotes

Cell Adh Migr. 2020 Dec;14(1):139-152. doi: 10.1080/19336918.2020.1810939.


Kinesins constitute a superfamily of ATP-driven microtubule motor enzymes that convert the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis into mechanical work along microtubule tracks. Kinesins are found in all eukaryotic organisms and are essential to all eukaryotic cells, involved in diverse cellular functions such as microtubule dynamics and morphogenesis, chromosome segregation, spindle formation and elongation and transport of organelles. In this review, we explore recently reported functions of kinesins in eukaryotes and compare their specific cargoes in both plant and animal kingdoms to understand the possible roles of uncharacterized motors in a kingdom based on their reported functions in other kingdoms.

Keywords: Kinesins; cargoes; cellular organelles; microtubule; motor domain.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosome Segregation
  • Eukaryota / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Kinesins / chemistry
  • Kinesins / metabolism*
  • Plants / metabolism
  • Protein Domains
  • Spindle Apparatus / metabolism


  • Kinesins