An allosteric site on MKP5 reveals a strategy for small-molecule inhibition

Sci Signal. 2020 Aug 25;13(646):eaba3043. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.aba3043.


The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatases (MKPs) have been considered "undruggable," but their position as regulators of the MAPKs makes them promising therapeutic targets. MKP5 has been suggested as a potential target for the treatment of dystrophic muscle disease. Here, we identified an inhibitor of MKP5 using a p38α MAPK-derived, phosphopeptide-based small-molecule screen. We solved the structure of MKP5 in complex with this inhibitor, which revealed a previously undescribed allosteric binding pocket. Binding of the inhibitor to this pocket collapsed the MKP5 active site and was predicted to limit MAPK binding. Treatment with the inhibitor recapitulated the phenotype of MKP5 deficiency, resulting in activation of p38 MAPK and JNK. We demonstrated that MKP5 was required for TGF-β1 signaling in muscle and that the inhibitor blocked TGF-β1-mediated Smad2 phosphorylation. TGF-β1 pathway antagonism has been proposed for the treatment of dystrophic muscle disease. Thus, allosteric inhibition of MKP5 represents a therapeutic strategy against dystrophic muscle disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Allosteric Site / genetics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Line
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases / chemistry
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphatases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphatases / chemistry
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphatases / metabolism
  • Myoblasts / cytology
  • Myoblasts / drug effects
  • Myoblasts / metabolism
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Small Molecule Libraries / chemistry
  • Small Molecule Libraries / metabolism
  • Small Molecule Libraries / pharmacology*


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Small Molecule Libraries
  • DUSP10 protein, human
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphatases
  • Dual-Specificity Phosphatases