Stroke Care Services in Singapore During COVID-19 Pandemic-A National Perspective

Front Neurol. 2020 Jul 28;11:780. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2020.00780. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Stroke is a significant cause of admission to Singapore's acute care hospitals. Because of the current COVID-19 pandemic, there have been major changes in the stroke care system. On calling for the public ambulance, those suspected to have COVID-19 infection are taken to the National Center for Infectious Diseases. Otherwise, on arrival at the emergency room, all cases with fever or respiratory symptoms [COVID-19 suspect patients (CSPs)] are evaluated separately by staff wearing full personal protective equipment (PPE). Triage is not delayed. CSPs needing hyperacute therapies are sent to a specially prepared scanner; if not, imaging is deferred to the latter part of the day. CSPs are managed in isolation rooms, and sent to the acute stroke unit (ASU) if two consecutive COVID-19 swabs are negative. Investigation and rehabilitation are done within the room. ASU rounds are attended by essential members, communication by electronic means. Multidisciplinary team rounds have largely ceased, and discussions are via electronic platforms. Patient transfer and staff movement are minimized. All hospital staff wear face-masks, infection control is strictly enforced. Visitors are not allowed; staff make daily calls to update families. Mild stroke patients may be sent home with rehabilitation advice. Out-patient rehabilitation centers are closed. Patients return for out-patient visits only if needed; medications are sent to their home, and nurses make essential home visits. Stroke support and rehabilitation activities have started on-line. Continuing medical education activities are mainly by webinars. Stroke research has been severely hampered. Overall, evidence-based stroke care is delivered in a re-organized manner, with a clear eye on infection control.

Keywords: COVID-19; Singapore; services; stroke; stroke unit.